Habiba Fora

Feb 24, 2017

Mombasa, Kenya

Kwale County

Kwale County is one of the six coastal counties with an area of 8,270.2 square km of which 62 square km is under water, it lies between latitudes 30° 3ʹ and 40° 45ʹ south and Longitudes 380° 31ʹ and 390° 31ʹ East. The total population of Kwale County is projected to be 713,488 persons in 2012 comprising of 346,898 males and 366,589 females.
This is a 9.8 % increase from 649.931 in 2009.The growth rate is 3.1% and the sex ratio males per 100 females. An analysis of the Kwale population reveals a remarkable youthful character. The under 15 years in 2012 constituted 47.23% of the total population. The county population density was 86 person/sq. km in 2012.
The literacy levels in the county have been recording an increasing trend over the last few years. With the introduction of Free Primary education for all and adult classes in the county, the literacy levels have reached an average of 57%.However, the literacy levels stand at 47.4% against 66.6% percent for the male.

The main economic activity is agriculture which includes fruits, livestock and mixed farming. This is mainly carried out in the inland areas where a mixture of fruits, vegetables and cereals are grown.
The county has enough water resources giving it huge agricultural potential. The county is endowed with natural resources such as wildlife, livestock, water, pasture and forests. Other economic activities are fishing, mining and commercial businesses.
Mining and exportation takes place in the county. Titanium (rutile, ilmenite, zircon) at Nguluku and Shimba Hills; Gemstones at Kuranze; Rare Earth Elements (niobium, phosphates) at Mrima Hills and Samburu; Silica Sand at Waa, Tiwi and Ramisi; Zinc, Lead and copper at Mkang‘ombe, Mwache, Dumbule and Dzitenge; Baryte at Lunga-lunga; Coal at MajiyaChumvi; Sandstones at Mariakani; Limestone at Shimoni and Waa.
Fishing is also prevalent along the coastline accounting for more than half of the income of its households. Tourism is also major activity attributed to the scenery tourists’ attraction sites of parks and game reserves, springs and beaches.